Superscoring: Is it fair?

When applicants take the ACT more than once, how do colleges and universities reconcile and make sense out of the multiple scores? In terms of validity, fairness, and impact, are certain score use polices better or worse than others? Given that we see more and more students are choosing to retake the ACT, answers to these questions have become increasingly relevant and pressing. The focus of this webinar is to summarize empirical evidence on the validity and fairness of various score use policies with an emphasis on superscoring.

According to new analyses, superscoring in the recruiting process can have positive impacts and predict college outcomes.

In this webinar, we talk about:
  • Research insights from a study that examined the validity and fairness of different score use policies
  • Analyses demonstrating the impact of superscoring on subgroup differences
  • Responses to ACT’s Higher Education Score Use survey to help contextualize the research findings


Krista MatternKrista Mattern is the Senior Director of ACT’s Validity and Efficacy Research Department.  Her research focuses on predicting education and workplace success through evaluating the validity and fairness of cognitive and non-cognitive measures. Also known for her work in evaluating the efficacy of learning products to help improve intended learner outcomes.  She has served as the editor of two books and has over 85 publications including book chapters, journal articles, and technical reports. Her work has been published in journals such as the Journal of Applied Psychology, Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, and the Journal of Educational Measurement.  Dr. Mattern received her Ph.D. in Industrial and Organizational Psychology with a minor in Quantitative Psychology from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Kenton PaulsKenton Pauls works closely with leaders in higher education in support of ACT's mission of helping people achieve education and workplace success as national director for higher education at ACT. Kenton has over 20 years of leadership experience in admissions and enrollment management at public and private institutions in the United States as well as Canada. Prior to joining ACT in July of 2015, he was Dean of Enrollment Management at Northwestern College in Iowa. Pauls earned a bachelor’s degree in business administration at Trinity Western University and an M.B.A. from the University of North Dakota.